optical fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plastic, that is as small as one tenth of human hair. A typical optical fiber for telecom is made up of three layers that are counted inside out the fiber core (diameter 810um), cladding (diameter 125um) along with buffer coating (diameter 90um).
Fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the layers of cladding work together to confine the light within the core without leakage. The fiber buffer coating is constructed of plastic or acrylic and gives handling flexibility and https://gingertea.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.sedany.com/dir/site-15432.html physical protection to the fiber.
Optical fibers utilize an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from end face, it is confined inside the core without leaking outside and losing energy.
Then, light is digitally modulated to represent the numbers 1 and 0 as a computer. As such, information can be transferred from one place to another site which may be from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they work?
You now know the way optical fibers function. So what is the fiber optic connector? And what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?
Put it simple A fiber optic connector’s job is similar to an electric power plug It connects light from one segment of optical fiber with a different section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are tiny that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, with a size that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from one end to the other in a way that light can travel from one fiber into another without being bounced off of the interface , and thus losing its signal.
Besides the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. So a complicated computer network could be made modular and manageable.
Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, and the computer industry, a variety of types and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed along the development of fiber optic communications. Certain of them were extremely popular in the field but have now served their purposes and are becoming obsolete.
The most widely used fiber optic connectors used nowadays include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors developed with the progress of this industry.